Solid Hydrogen Cosmic Abundance Explains Mysterious Dark Matter and DIBs by a Fractal Dust Astrochemistry Cosmology
|Is this nebula surrounded by a solid hydrogen ice glow?|
|“Interstellar Glow Likely Caused by Hydrogen Ice in Nebula””|
Some of the “glow” observed by astronomers in the solar system and ISM matches the predictions for solid hydrogen. Solid hydrogen is a superconductor of electricity, and its existence is no longer being dismissed by sublimation into gas in outer space. Organic PACs have been identified in large amounts matching the spectra of many very important DIBs, but PACs are just one contributor to the background glow that contains hundreds of unidentified spectra signatures. A Great website on “DIBs and PACs” can easily be interpreted differently than current theories. Earth is actually a parasitic viral planet. There are more viruses on earth than stars in the visible universe. PACs are organic waste products excreted by life. They stay in the body only a few days, and are stable molecules in outer space, believed to be responsible for originating life on earth. PACs are believed to form in outer space by a chemical reaction with light, but this is unproven. PACS are believed to be abundant where planets are forming, and have been found inside our solar system. The biologic theory for the origin of PACs is extremely logical, because PACs are proven to easily support the growth of bacteria and low-life forms, that later evolved on earth into higher life.
|Fractal Dusty Galaxies|
|Solid Hydrogen is stabilized by dusty impurities which are found in galaxies. H and He comprise 99.5% of the Universe’s atoms. Fractal Dusty Plasma Galaxies in the fractal universe.|
|“The Cosmos in a Test Tube of Liquid Helium and Magnetic Fields” – Richard Haley at Lancaster Univ.|
“Interstellar Solid Hydrogen” – The Astrophysical Journal – by Lin, Gilbert, Walker.
“Interstellar Solid Hydrogen” – Iopscience – by Lin, Gilbert, Walker.
“Solid Hydrogen Ice May Explain Interstellar Glow” – TechnologyReview
“Big-bang modeled as crystals with cracks, crevices, and phase changes.”
Outstanding information on strange H, He, O atoms, and a great story on the emerging “Superfluid Cosmology”: Very Hot and Cold Superfluids Demonstrate the Strangeness of Atoms.”
“It is remarkable that a single, small hydrogen molecule exhibits most of the strong mid-IR bands which pervade astronomical environments. This fact alone makes (HD)+3 of great interest to astronomers. The floppy nature of these molecules led us to expect line properties which were found to be broadly consistent with those observed for the unexplainable puzzling diffuse interstellar bands called DIBs. The multitude of weak lines yields an apparent continuum of optical absorption. To these phenomena one can add FUV absorption contributed by the solid hydrogen matter itself and a red fluorescence, possibly attributable to H-. “In an astronomical context solid hydrogen is expected to manifest itself in a variety of ways, each of which seems to resemble one of the observed astronomical phenomena collectively attributed to dust.” This is an incredible analogy implying the Universe is fractal, like dust. Solid hydrogen is more stable when it contains impurities in the lattice to help stabilize it, like the conditions found in outer space. Serious considerations and new cosmology models should be built to reflect the fact that solid hydrogen is abundant in the ISM. The scientists state, “very likely there exists a gas which is so cold and dense that pure hydrogen precipitates can form. This gas cannot be part of the diffuse interstellar medium, but must instead form distinct “self-gravitating” cosmic entities.” Clouds of this extremely cold dense type are mostly transparent, having very little thermal emission, and were postulated by Pfenniger and Combes to be a significant component of the galaxy’s dark matter. Walker and Wardle argued that small amounts of solid hydrogen can confer thermal stability on these clouds, and maintain the shapes and rotation curves of galaxies without dark matter. Solid hydrogen is very dense and nearly transparent in the optical region. The 7.7 and 8.6 um astronomical bands are often the strongest of all observed UIR features, and are not predicted by solid hydrogen models. Good speculation is it could be from the abundant presences of both liquid and solid hydrogen, helium, oxygen, nitrogen, etc. in outer space, which of course if acknowledged someday, would clearly suggests a better older cosmology.
|the “triple point” is largely T and P related. Matter can collectively transform into each of three different states (solid, liquid, gas).|
Cosmic scale “Quadruple points” could be considered as locations where superfluid behaving plasmas interact with the exotic states of hydrogen and helium by astrochemistry laws.
Helium 4 makes up 23% of the Universes’s ordinary matter, and nearly all the ordinary matter that is not hydrogen.
Liquid oxygen has a pale blue color, and is strongly paramagnetic. Liquid oxygen can be suspended between the magnetic poles of a powerful horseshoe magnet.
The poles of galaxies could circulate liquid oxygen filaments around the galaxy.
|Liquid Oxygen GALAXY Filaments|
|pale blue liquid oxygen in a cup|
|Dusty Galaxy model|
|Solid hydrogen particles stabilized by dust float on the surface of liquid helium. Solid hydrogen is abundant in the interstellar medium.|
|Dusty Galaxy model|
|Solid hydrogen floats on liquid helium (NASA story)|
|Liquid Nitrogen’s role with Electricity|
|Broken light bulb stays lit by contacting liquid nitrogen|
Liquid nitrogen is non-conductive and naturally surrounds electrical contacts, like does nitrogen gas. Filaments cause liquid nitrogen to vaporize producing an insulating bubble of nitrogen gas around the filament. This keeps the nitrogen liquid for a much longer time.
|Magnetic Levitating Superconducting Galaxy Disks|
|Magnetic Levitation above a superconducting disk in liquid nitrogen
The milky way’s galactic disk rotates around the galactic center. It has been found that the rotation speed is almost constant, no matter whether it is near the center or near the outer edge. The milky way’s disk is roughly 100,000 light years in diameter, 1,000 light years average thickness, with a spheroidal bulge at the center of the galaxy that is 12,000 light years in diameter. The concentration of stars drops smoothly with distance from the center of the galaxy. Beyond a radius of roughly 40,000 light years, the number of stars per cubic parsec drops much faster with radius, for reasons not understood. Recent NAO measurements show the sun is 26,100 light years from the galaxy center, and the galactic rotation velocity in our solar system is 240 km/sec around the center of the galaxy. NAO also found that the galactic rotation velocity is almost constant between 10,000 to 50,000 light years from the galactic center. This data can model a magnetically levitating superconducting galaxy disk, with liquid helium at the galaxy center.
|Supersolidity occurs when outside atoms flow without friction through solid helium. Supersolid helium has lattice vacancies or defects.|
A Fractal Macroscopic Quantum Effect in Liquid Helium
H is first at 93.4% He is second at 6.5% Oxygen is third at 0.06% Carbon is fourth at 0.03% Nitrogen is fifth at 0.011% Neon is sixth at 0.01%